Benjamin Felbrich, born in 1987, is a PhD candidate at the Institute for Computational Design and Construction at Universität Stuttgart. His diploma thesis, with which he completed his architecture studies at Technische Universität Dresden dealt with the utilization of multi-agent systems for architectural purposes and was awarded the Kurt-Beyer-Preis 2014 and the Architekturpreis 13. Beside professional experience at Vastu Shilpa Consultants in Ahmedabad, India and at Behnisch Architekten, Stuttgart with a strong focus on computational design and optimization, he had the opportunity to teach parametric design tools at the Center for Environmental Planning and Technology, Ahmedabad and at TU Dresden.

Benjamin’s research is based within the framework of the Collaborative Research Centre (Sonderforschungsbereich) – Transregio 141 “Biological Design and Integrative Structures” in which he currently deales with the collaborative research project A08 entitled “Continuous fused deposition modelling of architectural envelopes based on the shell formation of molluscs”. The aim of this project is to explore innovative strategies for additive manufacturing based on the knowledge of molluscs’ shell formation acquired by the Department of Invertebrate Paleontology and Paleo Climatology at the Institute of Geo Sciences at Universität Tübingen with practical guidance by the Institute for Control Engineering of Machine Tools and Manufacturing Units of Universität Stuttgart. Within this project, Benjamin aims to utilize tools from artifcial intelligence to enhance architectural 3D modelling and fabrication planning.


(2012) Canopy for the Smriti Van Earthquake Memorial Museum
(2014) Bionics in Architecture: Experiments with Multi-Agent Systems in Irregular Folded Structure
(2014) Crow – Artificial Neural Networks in Grasshopper
(2014 – 2018) Continuous fused deposition modelling of architectural envelopes based on the shell formation of molluscs
(2014 – 2015) ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2014-15
(2015 – 2017) ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016-17
(2016) FlexHopper – GPU-based unified particle simulation in Grasshopper (ongoing)

Peer-Reviewed Publications:


Felbrich, B.; Jahn, G.; Newnham; C., Menges, A.: 2018 Self-organizing maps for intuitive gesture-based geometric modelling in augmented reality, IEEE AIVR 2018, The First IEEE International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Virtual Reality, Taiwan 2018

Solly, J.; Früh, N.; Saffarian, S.; Felbrich, B.; Prado, M.; Vasey, L.; Knippers, J.; Menges, A. : ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016/2017: Integrative Design of a Composite Lattice Cantilever. In: Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2018, 16-19 July 2018, MIT, Boston, Caitlin Mueller, Sigrid Adriaenssens (eds.), 2018

Felbrich, B; Wulle F., Allgaier, C., Menges, A., Verl, A., Wurst, K.-H., Nebelsick, J.: 2018, A novel Rapid Additive Manufacturing concept for architectural composite shell construction inspired by the shell formation in land snails, in Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. Available online at

Felbrich, B; Frueh, N.; Prado, M.; Saffarian, S.; Solly, J.; Vasey, L.; Knippers., J.; Menges, A.: 2017, Multi-Machine Fabrication: An Integrative Design Process Utilising an Autonomous UAV and Industrial Robots for the Fabrication of Long Span Composite Structures, in ACADIA – Disciplines & Disruption [Proceedings of the ACADIA Conference 2017], Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, pp. 248-259. (ISBN: 978-0-692-96506-1)

Nebelsick, J; Allgaier, C.; Felbrich, B; Coupek., D.; Reiter, R.; Reiter, G.; Menges, A.; Lechler, A.; Wurst, K.: 2016, Continuous Fused Deposition Modelling of Architectural Envelopes Based on the Shell Formation of Molluscs: A Research Review, In Knippers, J.; Nickel, K.; Speck, T. (Eds.): Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46374-2_12

Felbrich, B.; Nönnig, J. R.; Wiesenhütter, S.: 2014, Rigid Folding in Robotic Multi-agent Systems, In Procedia Computer Science, Volume 35, 2014, Pages 1342–1351, Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information & Engineering Systems 18th Annual Conference, KES-2014 Gdynia, Poland,

Felbrich, B; Lordick, D.; Nönnig, J.R.; Wiesenhütter, S.: 2014, Experiments with a Folding Multi-Agent System in the Design of Triangle Mesh Structures, Conference: 16th International Conference on Geometry and Graphics (ICGG), At Innsbruck, Austria, Volume: 16, DOI: 10.13140/2.1.1380.7044

Further Publications:

Allgaier, C.; Felbrich, B.; Wulle, F.; Khechine, E., Nebelsick, J., Menges, A., Reiter, G., Reiter, R., Lechler, A., Verl, A., Wurst, K.: 2019. Snails as living 3D printers: free forms for the architecture of tomorrow. In Knippers, J; Schmid, U.; Speck, T. (eds.) Biomimetics for Architecture,  pp.126-133. DOI: 10.1515/9783035617917-016.

Allgaier, C.; Felbrich, B.; Wulle, F.; Khechine, E.; Nebelsick, J; Menges, A.; Reiter, G.; Reiter, R.; Verl, A.; Wurst, K.: 2017 Schnecken als lebende 3D-Drucker: freie Formen für die Architektur von morgen, In Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie C, Band 82, 2017, J. Knippers, U. Schmid, T. Speck [Hrsg.]: “Baubionik – Biologie beflügelt Architektur”



Recipient of the One-Year Scholarship for Doctoral Researchers – granted by the German Academic Exchange Service DAAD (2019/20)
International AEC/FM Hackathon, Winner “Best Overall Project” (2018)
BIM Award 2018, Winner “Teaching and Research” (2018)
ArchDaily Building of the Year Award 2018 – Finalist (final five), “Small Scale Architecture” (2018)
World Architecture Award – Cycle 25 (2017)
Kurt-Beyer-Preis for Outstanding Thesis Projects (2015)
Architekturpreis 11: Sonderanerkennung (2014)