Oliver David Krieg is an expert in computational design and digital fabrication in architecture. His research is characterized by a focus on integrative processes and close collaborations between engineering, biology, material science, sustainability analysis, building physics, and fabrication. As a research associate and doctoral candidate at the Institute for Computational Design and Construction at the University of Stuttgart, his work aims to employ the reciprocities between technology and material characteristics in order to rethink how architecture will be designed, fabricated, and constructed in the future.

With a profound interest in computational design processes and robotic fabrication in architecture, Oliver has led and participated in several research and built projects around the world that explore new potentials in timber construction. Working with wood as a natural but highly performative building material with differentiated properties, has enabled novel potentials that allows for exceedingly individualised and complex building elements and construction systems. In order to unlock this potential, an interdisciplinary and multi-facetted approach is required. The resulting material systems and prototypes evaluate the structural and spatial possibilities, ultimately pushing the boundaries of today’s architectural design research.

Prior to joining the ICD, Oliver David Krieg worked at both Foster + Partners (2009) and Barkow Leibinger Architects (2011) as an Assistant Architect. With the completion of his Diploma degree in 2012 at the University of Stuttgart, he received the faculty’s Diploma Prize for outstanding work. Since the beginning of 2010, Oliver was also a Graduate Assistant at the institute’s robotic prototype laboratory.

Oliver David Krieg has taught workshops at the RobArch 2012 and RobArch 2016 conferences, at UBC Vancouver and Tongji University Shanghai, and has given lectures at several national and international conferences in architectural design and timber construction. He has also been teaching seminars and studios at the University of Stuttgart in the context of his research since 2012. For the duration of his dissertation, Oliver is a scholarship holder of the German National Academic Foundation. His projects at the ICD have won many national and international awards and have been published in numerous magazines worldwide.


Built Projects:

Robot-Made: Double-Layered Elastic Bending
ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2015-16
Robotic Sewing of Elastically Bent Plywood
Robot-Assisted Assembly in Wood Construction
Landesgartenschau Exhibition Hall
HygroSkin: Meteorosensitive Pavilion
HygroScope: Meteorosensitive Morphology
ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2011
ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2010

Research Projects:

Human-Robot Collaboration in Timber Construction
Highly Insulated and Recyclable Solid Timber Construction
Performative Design Methodology based on Robotic Fabrication
Wood R³ – Resource Effective, Regional, Robotically Fabricated
Robotic Fabrication in Timber Construction


Selected Master Theses
ITECH M.Sc 2016: Tailored Structures
ITECH M.Sc 2015: Informed Connectivity
ITECH M.Sc 2014: Augmented Grain
ITECH M.Sc 2014: Programmable Matter
ITECH M.Sc 2014: Robotically Fabricated Gluelam

ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2015-16
Performative Morphology

Prototypical Fabrication Techniques
Computational Design and Digital Fabrication
Robotic Fabrication
Computational Design and Digital Fabrication
Architectural Biomimetics
Digital Wood

Selected Publications:

Krieg, O.: 2016, Engineering Perspectives: Oliver David Krieg in Conversation with Manfred Grohmann and Jan Knippers, in Menges, A., Schwinn, T., Krieg, O. (eds.), Advancing Wood Architecture – A Computational Approach, Routledge, Oxford, pp. 199-210. (ISBN: 9781138932982)

Bechert, S., Knippers, J., Krieg, O., Menges, A., Schwinn, T., and Sonntag, D.: 2016, Textile Fabrication Techniques for Timber Shells: Elastic Bending of Custom-Laminated Veneer for Segmented Shell Construction Systems, in Adriaenssens, S., Gramazio, F., Kohler, M., Menges, A., and Pauly, M. (Eds.), Advances in Architectural Geometry 2016, vdf Hochschulverlag AG ETH Zurich, Zurich, pp. 154-169. (ISBN 978-3-7281-3778-4)

Krieg, O., Schwinn, T., Menges, A.: 2015, Integrative Design Computation for Local Resource Effectiveness in Architecture. In F. Wang & M. Prominski (Eds.), Urbanization and Locality: Strengthening Identity and Sustainability by Site-Specific Planning and Design, Springer Science and Business Media, pp. 123–143. (ISBN 978-3-662-48492-0)

Krieg, O., Schwinn, T., Menges, A., Li, J., Knippers, J., Schmitt, A., Schwieger, V.: 2015, Biomimetic Lightweight Timber Plate Shells: Computational Integration of Robotic Fabrication, Architectural Geometry and Structural Design, in Block, P., Knippers, Mitra, N., Wang, W. (eds.), Advances in Architectural Geometry 2014, pp.109-125. (DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-11418-7, Print ISBN 978-3-319-11417-0)

Correa, D., Krieg, O., Menges, A., Reichert, S., Rinderspacher, K.: 2013, HygroSkin: A prototype project for the development of a constructional and climate responsive architectural system based on the elastic and hygroscopic properties of wood, in: Beesley, P., Del Barrio, A., Khan, O., Stacey, M., van Overbeeke, E. (eds.), Proceedings of the 33nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA), Waterloo, pp. 33-42. (ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5)